And In Korean

Being able to say ‘and’ in Korean is very useful and will help you to make longer Korean sentences. In this lesson, you will learn the different ways to say ‘and’ in Korean.

The ways to say ‘and’ in Korean you will learn are ~하고, ~(이)랑, and ~와/과. These words can also take on the meaning of ‘with’ in certain contexts.

Let’s look at each of these words for ‘and’ in Korean in more detail.

‘And’ In Korean

~하고

And in Korean - 하고

The first way to say ‘and’ in Korean we will look at is ~하고. ~하고 can be used with nouns only. To use ~하고 in a sentence, simply attach it to a noun without any space. For example:

사과 = apple
사과하고 바나나 = apple and banana
저는 사과하고 바나나를 샀어요. = I bought an apple and a banana.

This way of saying ‘and’ in Korean is the normal way and the easiest as there are no special conjugation rules. Simply add ~하고 to the noun.

~(이)랑

And in Korean - 이랑

This next way to say ‘and’ in Korean is the casual way. It is often used in spoken language in casual situations.

Just like ~하고, ~(이)랑 can also only be used with nouns. The way to attach ~(이)랑 to a noun depends on the word that comes before it.

If the preceding word ends in a consonant, ~이랑 is attached. For example:

밥 = rice
이랑 김치 = rice and kimchi
이랑 김치 주세요. = Please give me rice and kimchi.

If the preceding word ends in a vowel, 랑 is attached. For example:

김치 = kimchi
김치 밥 = kimchi and rice
김치 밥 주세요. = Please give me kimchi and rice.

~와 / 과

And in Korean - 와 과

Compared with ~하고 and ~(이)랑, ~와/과 is a more polite way to say ‘and’ in Korean and it is often used in written language. Again, the way to attach ~와/과 to a noun depends on the word that comes before it.

If the preceding word ends in a consonant, 과 is attached. For example:

빵 = bread
우유 = bread and milk
저는 빵 우유를 샀어요. = I bought bread and milk.

If the preceding word ends in a vowel, 와 is attached. For example:

우유 = milk
우유 빵 = milk and bread
저는 우유 빵을 샀어요. = I bought milk and bread.

Other Meaning Of ~하고 , ~(이)랑, and ~와/과


-하고 , -(이)랑, and 와/과 all mean ‘and’ in Korean, but they can also take on the meaning of ‘with’ in some contexts. Here are some examples:

친구하고 부산에 갔어요. = I went to Busan with my friend.
친구 부산에 갔어요. = I went to Busan with my friend.
친구 부산에 갔어요. = I went to Busan with my friend.

Difference Between ~하고 , ~(이)랑, and ~와/과

~하고 , ~(이)랑, and ~와/과 can all be used to say ‘and’ in Korean. They can also all be used to say ‘with’ in Korean. So what is the difference between ~하고 , ~(이)랑, and ~와/과?

~(이)랑 is the most casual way to say ‘and’ in Korean and is often used in spoken language in casual situations.

~하고 is the normal way to say ‘and’ in Korean. It is also usually used in spoken language. Compared to ~(이)랑, ~하고 is more polite as ~(이)랑 is usually used in casual situations.

~와/과 is the formal way to say ‘and’ in Korean, and so it is often used in written language. ~와/과 can also be used in spoken language in formal situations. Formal situations are things like news reports, official communications, addressing large groups of people, etc. In these situations it is much more common to use the formal way to say and in Korean which is ~와/과.