In this lesson, you will learn about 그리고 and ~고. In a previous lesson, we covered some ways to say ‘and’ in Korean (~하고, ~(이)랑, ~와/과). 그리고 and ~고 also mean ‘and’ but they can also be used to express ‘and then‘ in Korean.
그리고 means ‘and’ or ‘and then’ in Korean. 그리고 can be used to connect nouns or to connect sentences. By linking together nouns in a sentence with 그리고, you are showing that those nouns form a list. When linking together two sentences with 그리고, you are indicating that those sentences form a list or are in sequential order. Let’s look at some examples.
그리고 To Link Nouns
사과, 우유, 그리고 주스 = apple, milk, and juice
사과, 우유, 그리고 주스 샀어요 = I bought apples, milk, and juice.
As you can see in this example, there are 3 nouns listed (apple, milk, juice) and 그리고 is used to link them together. Just like in English, 그리고 is used to link the final two nouns in the list and has the meaning of ‘and’.
그리고 To Link Sentences
수민 씨는 똑똑해요. = Sumin is smart.
수민 씨는 예뻐요. = Sumin is pretty.
수민 씨는 똑똑해요. 그리고 예뻐요. = Sumin is smart. And she’s pretty.
As you can see in this example 그리고 is used to connect two sentences together and has the meaning of ‘and’. 그리고 can also be used to connect two sentences with the meaning of ‘and then’. Let’s look at an example.
친구를 만났어요. = I met a friend.
영화를 봤어요. = I watched a movie
친구를 만났어요. 그리고 같이 영화를 봤어요. = I met a friend. And then we watched a movie together.
Difference Between 그리고 and 고
Like 그리고, ~고 also can mean ‘and’ or ‘and then’. The difference between 그리고 and 고 is that while 그리고 is used to link sentences, ~고 is used to connect two clauses in the same sentence. Let’s look at an example.
Clause 1: 이 치마는 싸요. = This skirt is cheap.
Clause 2: 이 치마는 예뻐요. This skirt is pretty.
Together: 이 치마는 싸고 예뻐요. = This skirt is cheap and pretty.
Clause 1: 아침을 먹었어요. = I ate breakfast.
Clause 2: 운동을 했어요. = I exercised.
Together: 아침을 먹고 운동을 했어요. = I ate breakfast and then exercised.
When linking together two clauses with ~고, usually only the final clause in the sentence is marked with the tense, especially when both clauses have the same tense (e.g “아침을 먹고 운동을 했어요.” sounds more natural than “아침을 먹었고 운동을 했어요.”)
그리고 Example Sentences
한국 드라마를 좋아해요. 그리고 한국 영화도 좋아해요. = I like Korean dramas. And I like Korean movies, too.
저는 부산에 살아요. 그리고 제 언니는 서울에 살아요. = I live in Busan. And my sister lives in Seoul.
오늘은 날씨가 춥고 흐려요. = It’s cold and cloudy today.
저는 매일 저녁을 먹고 산책해요. = I eat dinner and then go for a walk every day.