In this lesson, you will learn how to say ‘this’ and ‘that’ in Korean. Just like in English, ‘this’ is used to refer to something close to you, and ‘that’ is used for something far away from you. In Korean, however, there are different words for ‘that’ depending on whether the object you are referring to is close or far away from the listener. You will learn the different words for this and that in Korean and the word for ‘thing’ so that you can say ‘this thing’ and ‘that thing’.
The Korean words in this lesson are written in both Hangul and English. If you’ve not yet learned how to read the Korean alphabet, check out our complete Korean alphabet guide to help you learn how to read in Korean.
This and That In Korean
This = 이 [i]
The word for ‘this’ in Korean is 이 [i]. 이 is used when referring to something which is close to the speaker. Listen to the audio below to hear how to say ‘this’ in Korean.
An important thing to remember is that 이 [i] is always followed by a noun. For example, to say ‘this computer’ you would say 이 컴퓨터 [i keom-pyu-teo].
If you are not sure of how to say a particular noun, you can use the Korean word for ‘thing’ which is 것 [geot]. So, ‘this thing’ in Korean is 이것 [i-geot]. In normal everyday speech, 이것 is often shortened to 이거 [i-geo].
That = 그 [geu]
The word for ‘that’ in Korean is 그 [geu]. 그 is used when referring to something which is far away from the speaker and close to the listener. Listen to the audio below to hear how to say ‘that’ in Korean.
Just like 이 [i], 그 [geu] is always followed by a noun. For example, to say ‘that bottle’ (when the bottle is far from the speaker but close to the listener) you would say 그 병 [geu byeong]. Again, if you don’t know the noun, or you simply want to say ‘that thing’, then you simply add 것 [geot] to 그 [geu] to make 그것 [geu-geot] / 그거 [geu-geo] (that thing).
That Over There = 저 [jeo]
When something is far away from both the speaker and the listener the word 저 [jeo] is used to mean ‘that over there’. Listen to the audio below to hear how to say this word.
Just like with 이 [i] and 그 [geu], 저 [jeo] is always followed by a noun. For example, to say ‘that table’ (when the table is far from both the listener and the speaker) you would say 저 테이블 [jeo te-i-beul].
To say ‘that thing over there’ you would simply add 것 [geot] to 저 [jeo] to make 저것 [jeo-geot] / 저거 [jeo-geo] (that thing over there).
This and That – Example Sentences
|this computer||이 컴퓨터|
|What’s this?||이거 뭐예요?|
|How much is this computer?||이 컴퓨터 얼마예요?|
|that pizza||그 피자|
|What’s that?||그거 뭐예요?|
|How much is that pizza?||그 피자 얼마예요?|
|that car over there||저 차|
|What’s that over there?||저거 뭐예요?|
|How much is that car over there?||저 차 얼마예요?|