In this Korean lesson, you will learn how to use ~거나 and ~(이)나 which are two of the ways to say ‘or’ in Korean. ~거나 / ~(이)나 are used when you are talking about two nouns/verbs/adjectives but selecting one of them. Examples in English would be “I usually go to school by bus or taxi.”, “On weekends, I meet my friends or stay at home.”, “Whenever I am sick or tired, I call my wife.”, etc.
~거나 and ~(이)나 have similar meanings but cannot be used interchangeably. ~거나 is used with verbs and adjectives, and ~(이)나 is used with nouns. Check the table below to see how to conjugate ~거나 and ~(이)나.
~거나 / ~(이)나 Conjugation
*Attach 나 with nouns that end in a vowel.
**Attach 이나 with nouns that end in a consonant.
~거나 / ~(이)나 Example Sentences
Here are some example sentences using ~거나 / ~(이)나. Read the example sentence and then click on the audio to check the pronunciation.
|What do you usually do when you have time?||시간이 있으면 보통 무엇을 해요?|
|I meet friends or watch movies.||친구를 만나거나 영화를 봐요.|
|What will you do tomorrow?||내일 뭐 할 거예요?|
|I will study or go shopping.||공부나 쇼핑을 할 거예요.|
|What do you do when you are bored?||심심하면 뭘 해요?|
|I read a book or sing a song.||책을 읽거나 노래를 해요.|