Korean lesson - Or in Korean

In this Korean lesson, you will learn how to use ~거나 and ~(이)나 which are two of the ways to say ‘or’ in Korean. ~거나 / ~(이)나 are used when you are talking about two nouns/verbs/adjectives but selecting one of them. Examples in English would be “I usually go to school by bus or taxi.”, “On weekends, I meet my friends or stay at home.”, “Whenever I am sick or tired, I call my wife.”, etc.

~거나 and ~(이)나 have similar meanings but cannot be used interchangeably. ~거나 is used with verbs and adjectives, and ~(이)나 is used with nouns. Check the table below to see how to conjugate ~거나 and ~(이)나.

~거나 / ~(이)나 Conjugation

먹다 (Verb)거나X
만나다 (Verb)만나거나X
크다 (Adjective)거나X
작다 (Adjective)거나X
버스 (Noun)X버스*
학생 (Noun)X학생이나**

*Attach with nouns that end in a vowel.
**Attach 이나 with nouns that end in a consonant.

~거나 / ~(이)나 Example Sentences

Here are some example sentences using ~거나 / ~(이)나. Read the example sentence and then click on the audio to check the pronunciation.

What do you usually do when you have time?시간이 있으면 보통 무엇을 해요?
I meet friends or watch movies.친구를 만나거나 영화를 봐요.
What will you do tomorrow?내일 뭐 할 거예요?
I will study or go shopping.공부 쇼핑을 할 거예요.
What do you do when you are bored?심심하면 뭘 해요?
I read a book or sing a song.책을 읽거나 노래를 해요.