도 – Too / Also
In this Korean lesson, you will learn how to use the particle 도 [do] which means ‘too’ or ‘also’. By the end of this lesson, you will be able to say “Me too” in Korean, “You too” in Korean, and sentences like “I am a teacher, too.”, “I like it, too.”, and so on.
도 [do] is used when you want to say ‘too’ or ‘also’ in Korean. 도 always follows a noun or a pronoun. First, let’s look at how to say ‘me too’ in Korean.
“Me Too” In Korean
To say ‘Me Too’ in Korean you simply attach 도 [do] to the word for ‘me’. In polite language, the word for ‘me’ is 저 [jeo] so the polite way to say ‘me too’ in Korean is 저도 [jeo-do]. In casual language, the word for me is 나 [na] and so the casual way to say “me too” in Korean is 나도 [na-do]. In these two examples, the particle 도 [do] is modifying the pronoun ‘I/Me’ (저/나).
Now that you know how to say ‘me too’ in Korean, you can easily make longer sentences. Let’s look at some examples.
|Me too. (polite)||저도요.|
|Me too. (casual)||나도.|
|I like it, too.||저도 좋아요. |
|I’m a teacher, too.||저도 선생님이에요.|
|I’m American, too.||저도 미국 사람이에요.|
[jeo-do mi-guk sa-ra-mi-e-yo.]
“You Too” In Korean
In Korean, if someone says “Have a nice day.”, “Happy new year.”, etc, it’s not very common to reply with the literal way to say ‘you too’ in Korean. The literal way to say ‘you too’ in Korean is 너도 [neo-do] (casual) or 당신도요 [dang-sin-do-yo] (polite). A more natural way to reply to someone in these situations is to use their name, job title/position, or family relation, together with 도. Let’s look at some examples.
|You too, Sumin.||수민 씨도요.|
|You too, teacher.||선생님도요. |
|You too, grandma.||할머니도요. |
|You too, sis. (casual)||언니도.|
Alternatively, to say ‘you too’ in Korean you can simply say the same sentence the other person said. For example, if someone says 새해 복 많이 받으세요 (Happy new year), you can simply reply with 네, 새해 복 많이 받으세요 (Yeah, happy new year).
도 With Other Nouns
As well as pronouns, 도 can be used to modify other nouns to add the meaning of ‘too’, ‘also’, or ‘as well’. Let’s look at some examples.
|I bought this.||이거 샀어요.|
|I bought this, too.||이거도 샀어요.|
|I went to school yesterday.||어제 학교에 갔어요.|
[eo-je hak-gyo-e ga-sseo-yo]
|I went to school today, as well.||오늘도 학교에 갔어요.|
[o-neul-do hak-gyo-e ga-sseo-yo]]
|I went to the library and I went to school, as well.||도서관에 갔어요. 그리고 학교도 갔어요.|
[do-seo-gwan-e ga-sseo-yo. geu-ri-go hak-gyo-do ga-sseo-yo.]